The Python Math Module

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sqrt() is an abbreviation for SQuare RooT, which returns the square root of the number given as a float. Non-negative or negative argument , Non-negative argument , Non-negative or negative argument returns an integer value. It is a built-in Python method that returns the power of a number raised enterprise password manager to the second number given as an argument. It can have three arguments out of which one of them is optional. The return type of this method depends on the type and number of arguments passed to it. It returns a floating-point number after calculating the number raised to a specific power.

You can substitute your own values and observe whether any two numbers are close. When the number is negative, floor() behaves the same as ceil(). You can’t give non-number values as input to ceil(). As you can see from the execution times, factorial() is faster than the other methods. That’s because of its underlying C implementation.


The output above is the base value of the e constant. Understanding how to use the math functions is the first step.

In Mathematics, the exponential value of a number is equivalent to the number being multiplied by itself a particular set of times. The number to be multiplied by itself is called thebase,and the number of times it is to be multiplied is theexponent. The float has been converted to an integer by removing the fractional part and keeping the base number. Note that when you convert a value to an int in this way, it will be truncated rather than being rounded off. In the above example, the integer 3 has been coerced to 3.0, a float, for addition operation and the result is also a float.

Calculate The Sum Of Iterables

Negative argument , Non-negative argument returns an integer value. Non-negative argument , Non-negative argument math exp python returns an integer value. The expm1() method takes in one argument and gives the value of exp-1.

  • Negative argument , Non-negative argument returns an integer value.
  • Sometimes you have to convert degrees to radians and vice versa.
  • If you ever want to find the sum of the values of an iterable without using a loop, then math.fsum() is probably the easiest way to do so.
  • The Python documentation also mentions that log10() is more accurate than log even though both functions have the same objective.
  • As you can see, you can’t input a negative value to log().

The Python math module provides very useful functions that let you perform trigonometric calculations. If you want to convert degrees to radians, then you can use math.radians().

Using Math Exp()

There is a built-in function, pow(), that is different from math.pow(). You will learn the difference later in this section. Absolute tolerance, or abs_tol, is the maximum difference for being considered “close” regardless of the magnitude of the input values. Not only is factorial() faster than the other methods, but it’s also more stable. When you implement your own function, you have to explicitly code for disaster cases such as handling negative or decimal numbers.

math.ceil() will return the smallest integer value that is greater than or equal to the given number. If the number is a positive or negative decimal, then math exp python the function will return the next integer value greater than the given value. You can use math.pi to calculate the area and the circumference of a circle.


We tried Python exponential Function directly on multiple values. Next software outsorcing two statements, We used the exp Function onTupleandListitems.

You can see how the value changes when the log base is changed. General Exponential FunctionHere software outsource a can be any constant, and x, which is the power value, becomes the variable.


In this article, you learned about the Python math module. The module provides useful functions User interface design for performing mathematical calculations that have many practical applications.

comb returns the number of ways to choose k items from n items without repetition and without particular order. The greatest common divisor of two positive numbers is the largest positive integer that divides both numbers without a remainder. The Python documentation also mentions that log10() java cross platform mobile development is more accurate than log even though both functions have the same objective. Both functions have the same objective, but the Python documentation notes that log2() is more accurate than using log. You can see from the above examples that nan is not close to any value, not even to itself.

Python Natural Log With Log()

We see the result of division using the / operator is always decimal . It doesn’t really matter what the data type of the variable we’re assigning the result to is. If we wanted to perform whole-number division, we’d have to use the // operator. As you can see, it returns decimal numbers for decimal inputs, but the value is always a whole number (.0).

math exp python

The following functions are provided by this module. Except when explicitly noted otherwise, all return values are floats. Raises ValueError if x is not integral or is negative. I’ve used the other functions for things such as determining the number of pages in a guestbook. If we had 33 comments and we only printed 10 comments per page, these comments would take up 3.3 pages.

Exploring The Math Module

In this program, we have imported math libraries, and then we have initialized the value of different data types in x, y, and z. The function takes only one argument num of which we want to find exponential.

math exp python

If a single number is given as a parameter, then it will behave exactly like math.exp(). The following two functions are called representation functions.

The math library must be imported for this function to be executed. Whether or not two values are considered close is determined according to given absolute and relative tolerances. The math.exp() method returns E raised to the power of x . As you can see, we can call everything from the math module.